This module is designed to provide students with a thorough understanding of the fundamentals of chip - type machine processes. Cutting tools for machining and materials removal. Mechanics and Dynamics of Metal Cutting. Turning, boring and related machining processes. Drilling and related hole making processes, milling, broaching, sawing, shaping and planning, and abrasive machine processes. Creating processes Card, Operation Step card and Operation Sketch. Perform various machining operations, selection of tools, calculation of feed and speed, and machining time.